Umělec 2004/2 >> Capturing Personal Identity On Miodrag Krkobabić’s (Fake) Identities Просмотр всех номеров
Capturing Personal Identity   On Miodrag Krkobabić’s (Fake) Identities
Журнал Umělec
Год 2004, 2
6,50 EUR
Послать печатную версию номера:
Получить подписку

Capturing Personal Identity On Miodrag Krkobabić’s (Fake) Identities

Umělec 2004/2


Zoran Erić | en cs

Skyscraper story

In his first video, 6=36, Miodrag Krkobabić employed a narrative mode and documentary approach to tell the story about the relationships of his friends from childhood to each other and to himself. Born in the same building and nearly the same age, they all meet again after a long time to tell each about each other’s personality.

After years growing up with each other, Krkobabić pursued an artistic career, graduating from the Faculty of Fine Arts. When he returned, he saw that his friends maintained the same lifestyle as before, and that he was the only one to have left the old neighborhood. Krkobabić’s method of investigation in the video is similar to display behavior in the sense used by Erving Gofman in his studies on the genesis of identity — its definitions shifting from individual-psychological, via micro-sociological to a cultural level. For Gofman it is important that the relationships of others towards an individual are mediated by the consciousness that this individual has on the consciousness the others have on him.1 For Krkobabić the question about his relationships with his friends was: “do we actually know each other or do we know the image that we made of ourselves or of the people we know?”2
Krkobabić was dealing principally with the problem of our incapability of catching a personal identity which is always changing and relational. This claim could be supported by the thesis of Ernesto Laclau that identity cannot be understood as something fixed; it is not an artefact, it should always be a process. Laclau develops this argument further stressing the necessary incompleteness of identity formation. As he puts it, “the field of social identities is not one of full identities but of their ultimate failure to be constituted.”3 He argues that all objects of scrutiny in the social sciences are incompletely constituted because of their location within a field of difference from one another. What distinguishes them is a particular historicity that provides the forces of dislocation, which always block the formation of complete objects. Consequently, any articulation of identity is just temporarily complete, it is always in part constituted by the forces that oppose it (the constitutive outside), and continually contingent upon surviving the contradictions that it subsumes (forces of dislocation).4 In the case of the video of Krkobabić this line of argument could be expressed with his statement that the “story of 6 men becomes a story of 36 identities”5.

From collective
to personal identity

The social reality of Yugoslavia in the nineties was of a country that had lost its collective identity, suffered from isolation from the rest of the world and endured regional wars. In addition, the system of values was turned upside down, ethnonationalism, populism, xenophobia and hate speech shaped the public sphere, and it became extremely brutal for the citizens and especially for the younger generation. Krkobabić’s stories speak of these “less fortunate” friends who worked in the black market, smuggling and small time “business.”
The problem of identity and identification therefore occurred as of on the key social problems, and it was highly abused by the political oligarchy to seduce young generations with the nationalistic ideological matrix that had even worse effect on them. These traumatic social conditions effected the Serbian artists, but left them mostly isolated, withdrawn and without immediate reaction. It came with delay by the mid nineties when some of the most prominent Serbian artists started to reflect the problem of loss of identity and the confusion of citizens that couldn’t find their response to the reality confronting them.
Among the first paradigmatic art works that was addressing the issue of identity and identification were the video installations by Milica Tomić – XY Ungeloest in 1997 and I am Milica Tomić in 1999. While the first work was highly politically motivated where the artists identified with the Albanian victims killed in the demonstrations in Kosovo, the second work was dealing with the production of national identity in Serbia and its consequences for her personal identification process. It may be said that this work opened up the discourse of identity politics and identity building on the Serbian art scene, and that several younger artists, Miodrag Krkobabić being one of the most active, took upon this problem in all of its ramifications. This generation of artists entered the scene by the end of the nineties introducing a very strong conceptual approach from the beginning of their work, and started using various strategies, always in the most appropriate media, to address different aspects of the process of identification and acquiring of social, religious, and above all, professional – artistic identity.
On the level of global art ground the issue of identity politics is often explored by artists that are emphasizing their local or ethnic cultural identities. The particularities of these cultures and their local ‘folklore’ is becoming more and more the focal point for many artists whose work came to be recognized and represented at major international exhibitions that have cherished this tendency for years, Documenta 11 being its culmination. In comparison to that tendency artists like Krkobabić are pursuing another kind of relation to the process of identity formation. His works belong to the strategy of personal but very analytical investigation and reading of the actual issue of ones identity, its constant shifts and alterations, and the incapacity of capturing it.

Fake ID
In the series of works that followed, Krkobabić started to use the format of personal identification documents and the police standard in documenting individual identity with photos, personal numbers, etc. This technique was historically developed by the reforms of the judiciary system in establishing identity by Alphonse Bertillon6. He established a method known as anthropometry that incorporates a series of refined bodily measurements, physical description and what is most important for the future look of ID documents – photographs. From the sphere of criminology photographic identification was gradually extended to cover the entire population. This pretext is becoming very important in works like Fake Identity (billboards), Portrait of an Unknown Man with a Beard (digital photography), and Personal? ID? Card (digital video installation) where Krkobabić was elaborating further on the issue of impossibility of catching the definite identity. This combination of identification techniques with the analysis of the process of personal identity building could be exemplified with the project Portrait of an Unknown Man with a Beard. Krkobabić is here using the form of police photography, en face and two profiles, but mixing the eye line of friends and colleagues with his own face and marking the photos with the personal ID number of the one whose identity he is “borrowing”. His own process of identification was interwoven with the same process of the members of his family, friends and his colleagues from the art-world. These encounters in life and professional career are influencing and shaping the personal identity of the artists, always adding something to it, and setting track for his identity formation process that is eventually never going to be fully concluded and determined.
1. As quoted in Branimir Stojkovic, Identitet i komunikacija, Cigoja štampa, Belgrade, 2002
2. Unpublished artist’s statement.
3. As quoted in Michael Keith and Steve Pile Ed. Place and the Politics of Identity, Routledge, London New York, 1996. (p. 29)
4. Ibid (pp.25-29)
5. Unpublished artist’s statement.
6. Philippe Comar, Made-to-measure Identity in Identity and Alterity, the catalogue of the 46th Venice Biennial, Marsilio, Venice 1995


Статья не была прокомментирована

Добавить новый комментарий

Рекомендуемые статьи

Wicked / Interview with Jim Hollands Wicked / Interview with Jim Hollands
“A person must shake someone’s hand three times while gazing intently into their eyes. That’s the key to memorizing their name with certainty. It is in this way that I’ve remembered the names of 5,000 people who have been to the Horse Hospital,” Jim Hollands told me. Hollands is an experimental filmmaker, musician and curator. In his childhood, he suffered through tough social situations and…
An unsuccessful co-production An unsuccessful co-production
If you know your way around, you might discover that every month and maybe even every week you stand the chance to receive money for your cultural project. Successful applicants have enough money, average applicants have enough to keep their mouths shut, and the unsuccessful ones are kept in check by the chance that they might get lucky in the future. One natural result has been the emergence of…
Terminator vs. Avatar: Notes on Accelerationism Terminator vs. Avatar: Notes on Accelerationism
Why political intellectuals, do you incline towards the proletariat? In commiseration for what? I realize that a proletarian would hate you, you have no hatred because you are bourgeois, privileged, smooth-skinned types, but also because you dare not say that the only important thing there is to say, that one can enjoy swallowing the shit of capital, its materials, its metal bars, its polystyrene…
Tunelling Culture II Tunelling Culture II
04.02.2020 10:17
Следующий шаг?
out - archeology
S.d.Ch, Solitaires and Periphery Culture (a generation born around 1970)
S.d.Ch, Solitaires and Periphery Culture (a generation born around 1970)
Josef Jindrák
Who is S.d.Ch? A person of many interests, active in various fields—literature, theater—known for his comics and collages in the art field. A poet and playwright foremost. A loner by nature and determination, his work doesn’t meet the current trends. He always puts forth personal enunciation, although its inner structure can get very complicated. It’s pleasant that he is a normal person and a…
Читать дальше...
out - poetry
THC Review and the Condemned Past
THC Review and the Condemned Past
Ivan Mečl
We are the fifth global party! Pítr Dragota and Viki Shock, Fragmenty geniality / Fragments of Charisma, May and June 1997. When Viki came to visit, it was only to show me some drawings and collages. It was only as an afterthought that he showed me the Czech samizdat publication from the late 1990s, THC Review. When he saw how it fascinated me, he panicked and insisted that THAT creation is…
Читать дальше...
To hen kai pán (Jindřich Chalupecký Prize Laureate 1998 Jiří Černický)
To hen kai pán (Jindřich Chalupecký Prize Laureate 1998 Jiří Černický)
Читать дальше...
birthing pains
Who’s Afraid of Motherhood?
Who’s Afraid of Motherhood?
Zuzana Štefková
Expanding the definition of “mother” is also a space for reducing pressure and for potential liberation.1 Carol Stabile The year was 2003, and in the deep forests of Lapák in the Kladno area, a woman in the later phase of pregnancy stopped along the path. As part of the “Artists in the Woods” exhibit, passers-by could catch a glimpse of her round belly, which she exposed especially for them in…
Читать дальше...
Knihy, multimédia a umělecká díla, která by vás mohla zajímat Войти в e-shop
Content: Andy Warhol: From A to B and back again, Eugéne Ionesco: The killer, Egon Bondy: Oh central Bohemia, diary of a...
Больше информации...
8,05 EUR
A magazine of seductive exhilaration in this first erotic issue of its kind. Essentially a new and unexpectedly refined kind of...
Больше информации...
69 EUR
Poslední hlubinný hnědouhelný důl v Čechách Centrum, 2016, 225 x 150 cm, print on vinyl
Больше информации...
580 EUR
1992, 35.5 x 43 cm (6 Pages), Pen & Ink Comic
Больше информации...
1 788 EUR


Divus and its services

Studio Divus designs and develops your ideas for projects, presentations or entire PR packages using all sorts of visual means and media. We offer our clients complete solutions as well as all the individual steps along the way. In our work we bring together the most up-to-date and classic technologies, enabling us to produce a wide range of products. But we do more than just prints and digital projects, ad materials, posters, catalogues, books, the production of screen and space presentations in interiors or exteriors, digital work and image publication on the internet; we also produce digital films—including the editing, sound and 3-D effects—and we use this technology for web pages and for company presentations. We specialize in ...

Цитата дня Издатель не несет ответственности за какие-либо психические и физические состояния и расстройства, которые могут возникнуть по прочтении цитаты.

Enlightenment is always late.



Arch 8, Resolution Way, Deptford

London SE8 4NT, United Kingdom
Open on appointment


7 West Street, Hastings
East Sussex, TN34 3AN
, United Kingdom
Open on appointment

Ivan Mečl, +44 (0) 7526 902 082

Kyjov 37, 407 47 Krásná Lípa
Czech Republic
+420 222 264 830, +420 602 269 888

Open daily 10am to 6pm
and on appointment.


Potsdamer Str. 161, 10783 Berlin
Germany, +49 (0) 1512 9088 150
Open on appointment.



Divus New book by I.M.Jirous in English at our online bookshop.